José A.M. Demattê, Elvio Giasson, Eduardo Guimarães Couto, Alessandro Samuel-Rosa, Selma Simões de Castro, Ricardo Simão Diniz Dalmolin, José Brilha, Rosangela Garrido Machado Botelho, Antonio Carlos Azevedo, Carlos Eduardo Pellegrino Cerri, Lúcia Helena Cunha dos Anjos, Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos, Cácio Luiz Boechat, Eufran Ferreira do Amaral, João Fernandes da Silva Júnior, Afrânio Ferreira Neves Junior, Raul Roberto Poppiel, Taciara Zborowski Horst, Luciélio Manoel da Silva, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, The Brazilian soil priorities, Geoderma Regional, Volume 29, 2022, e00503, ISSN 2352-0094, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geodrs.2022.e00503.
Brazil has continental dimension (about 8.5 million km2 area) and includes several biomes (Amazônia, Caatinga, Cerrado, Mata Atlântica, Pampa, and Pantanal) – Fig. 1. To understand the many environments soil surveys started around 1940 and the first soil map of São Paulo State was published in 1943. In 1953, the National Soil Survey Program was approved and in 1958, the first soil survey for the state of Rio de Janeiro was published, followed by the state of São Paulo in 1960 (Anjos et al., 2014). Today, the country plays an important role in global agriculture and its large forest areas are known for influencing global water and climate cycles. Since the Brazilian economy is strongly linked to and dependent on agriculture, environmental resources play an important role in maintaining livelihoods and food security. To support the agronomic knowledge, there are currently 431 undergraduate courses in Agronomy and 76 in Forestry (Fig. 1) in the country, as well as 28 graduate programs in Soil Science.
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